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Museum Galleries

 The Museum galleries are divided into three major sections, viz., “India Fights for Freedom”, “Visual Biography of Mahatma Gandhi” and “Relics and Replicas”.  Also a Philatelic Gallery on Gandhi is functioning in the ground floor.

INDIAN FIGHTS FOR FREEDOM


Right at the entrance the first section entitled INDIA FIGHTS FOR FREEDOM is located with 265 illustrations displayed in 30 panels at the Dubar Hall depicting the history of the Indian Freedom Movement. A List of the content of this section is given below along with the titles:

THE COMING OF THE WHITE MEN-1498This depicts the arrival of the Europeans and the visit of  Vasco da Gama (European Seaman) and finally how the Britishers began to conquer and rule India through trade and pistol point.

THE CHALLENGE FROM TAMILNADU-1795This shows how warriors like Chinnamaruthu, Vellaimaruthu and Kattabomman resisted the Britishers and met with heroic death.

MYSORE RESISTS-1767In this panel we see the valorous fight of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan with the British and the death of Tipu in the defence of his Capital,Sringapatnam.

THE SIKH AND THE MARATHA RESISTANCE-1775This depicts the first Maratha war (1775-1782), role of Khalsa and the first and the second Sikh War.

WAGES OF SLAVERYThis shows how Britain destroyed Indias indigenous industries, and imported raw materials without taxes and exported back the finished products to India with a very high profit.

THE VOLCANO ERUPTSThis panel depicts how the Volcano of discontent erupted. Also this pictures the wounded psyche of Indian soldiers in the East India Company.

THE FIRST SHOT-1857This panel shows the birth of the First War of Indian Independence and the declaration of the ageing Bhadur Shan as their Emperor by the rebels.

THE REVOLT SPREADSThis depicts the spreading of the First War of Indian Independence, the role of Nana Saheb and the remarkable, sacrifice of the lives of Indian patriots.

THE BIRTH OF THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS-1885This panel shows how the Indian National Congress was founded in Dec. 1885 at Bombay and its first President W.C.Banerjee, Secreaty-General A.O.Hume, G.Subramania lyer, Pherozeshan Mehta and others like Dadhabhai Naoroji, Govind Ranade, Sundredranath Banerjee, Each one distinct in his skill and dedication.

THE MODERATRES AND THE EXTREMISTS-1900This panel shows the different levels of extremists and moderates the information about the leaders of both groups.

THE PARTITION OF BENGAL AND THE AFTERMATH-1905This panel shows the announcement of Lord Curzon to bifurcate Bengal and as a result the Birth of the Swadeshi Movement.

THE CULT OF THE BOMB-1907This panel depicts how terrorist movements continued till 1918 in Bengal and all over. Also it shows how the movements like Anusilan Samitis, Jugantar, Mitramela, Abhinava Bharat Samaj and others spread the cult of using bombs.

THE LIMITS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM-1909This panel exhibits how the Morely-Minto reforms disappointed the Indian leaders, the birth of Musilm League and about stalwarts like Srinivasa Shastri, Sarojini Naidu, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Annie Besant, Tej Bahadur Sapru, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and other leaders.

THE GANDHI ERA BEGINS-1915In this panel we see the return of Gandhiji from south Africa, the beginning “Gandhi Age” in Indian politics and the definition and explanation of Satyagraha (Nonviolent direct action).

THE MASSACRE AT JALIANWALA BAGH-1919This panel shows the passing of the Rowlatt Act of 1919 by the British, the prostest emerged throughout India and the rude massacre at Jalianwala Bagh, Amritsar.

THE CHALLENGES OF THE CONSTRUCTIVE PROGRAMME-1919This panel shows the need of the ‘ Constructive Programme envisaged and practiced by Gandhiji to liberate India not only in the Political arena but also in economic, social, education and spiritual levels.

TRYING TIMES-1923The coming of the royal Simon Commission to India to find out whether India is fit for Parlimentary democracy, the decision of the Congress in its Madras session to boycott the Commission and in December 1929, the demand of the Lahore congress for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) are depicted in this panel.

THE SALT SATYAGRAHA-THE MARCH TO DANDI-1930–The description of the historic Salt Satyagraha which was started on the banks of river Sabarmathi and concluded at Dandi for breaking the Salt Law, and subsequently the nonviolent direct action demonstrated throughout the Nation including the March from Trichy to Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu.

THE ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE AND AGFTER-193 1- In continuance of the Gandhi-Irwin pact, this panel shows Gandhiji’s participation in the Round Table Conference as a sole representative of India which became a failure mission but a grand success in making the people of England and the rest of the world to understand the Indian Struggle for Independence. Also it shows The Communal Award of the British in 1932 which gave sepreate electorates to the Harijans and Gandhiji’s fast unto death in prison against this attempt to separate the Harijans from the rest of Hindu society, the founding of the Harijan Sevak Sangh all over the country and the Harijan Temple Entry in Madurai Sree Meenakshi Temple, etc.

CONGRESS MINISTRIES AND THE AFTERMATH-1937This panel shows how the Congress won 85% of the general seats in the 1937 elections and how England involved India in the World War ll, the Congress protest, Gandhiji’s introduction of Individual Satyagraha in which Vinoba Bhave was chosen and the coming of the Lord Cripp’s Mission to India, etc.

QUIT INDIA-1942This shows the genesis of the historic Quit India Movement and how it side-tracked into violent ways.

TAMILNADU IN THE QUIT INDIA STRUGGLE-1942This panel shows the role played by Tamil Nadu during the Quit India Struggle, and violent activities erupted in different parts of Tamil Nadu.

OTHER VALIANT STRUGGLES-1942This shows the inception and operation of the India National Army under the dynamic leadership of Netaji Subash Chandra Bose and how it operated in the war field.

ON THE EVE OF THE INDEPENDENCE-1945This shows the coming of the Cabient Mission the setting up of the interim Government, with the idea of carving out a Pakistan for the Musilms under the advice of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the Musilm League opting out of the interim Government and the fast emergence of separatism.

INDIA BECOMES FREE – 1947 – THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA EPILOGUE – Finally these panels show how India became free as a separate nation and the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.